Faculty Directors

Carol S. Steiker

Henry J. Friendly Professor of Lawsteiker@law.harvard.edu617-496-5457

Carol Steiker is the Henry J. Friendly Professor of Law and faculty co-director of the Criminal Justice Policy Program. Her primary interest is the broad field of criminal justice, where her work ranges from substantive criminal law to criminal procedure to institutional design, with a special focus on issues related to capital punishment.

Professor Steiker served on the board of Editors of the Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice (2nd ed. Macmillan 2002), she is the editor of Criminal Procedure Stories (Foundation 2006), she is a co-editor with Michael Klarman and David Skeel of The Political Heart of Criminal Procedure: Essays on Themes of William J. Stuntz (Cambridge University Press 2012), and she is a co-author of the Kadish, Schulhofer, Steiker & Barkow casebook, Criminal Law and Its Processes (9th ed. Aspen 2012). Recent publications address topics such as the relationship of criminal justice scholarship to law reform, the role of mercy in the institutions of criminal justice, and the likelihood of nationwide abolition of capital punishment.

Courses taught by Professor Steiker have included Criminal Law, Advanced Criminal Procedure (both Investigation and Adjudication), Capital Punishment in America, Thinking About Law Teaching (with Professor Todd Rakoff), Criminal Justice Workshop (with Professor Adriaan Lanni), and Justice and Mercy in Jewish and Christian Tradition and American Criminal Law (with Professor Sarah Coakley of the Harvard Divinity School). Professor Steiker has offered reading groups on Criminal Justice Theory and Voices From Inside the Criminal Justice System.

Professor Steiker is a graduate of Harvard-Radcliffe Colleges and Harvard Law School, where she served as president of the Harvard Law Review, the second woman to hold that position in its then 99-year history. After clerking for Judge J. Skelly Wright of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals and Justice Thurgood Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court, she worked as a staff attorney for the Public Defender Service for the District of Columbia, where she represented indigent defendants at all stages of the criminal process. She has been a member of the Harvard Law School faculty since 1992, where she was Associate Dean for Academic Affairs from 1998-2001 and where she currently serves as the Dean’s Special Advisor for Public Service. She is also a faculty affiliate of the Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics at Harvard University. In addition to her scholarly work, Professor Steiker has worked on pro bono litigation projects on behalf of indigent criminal defendants, including death penalty cases in the United States Supreme Court. She has also served as a consultant and an expert witness on issues of criminal justice for non-profit organizations and has testified before Congress and state legislatures.

Alex Whiting

Professor of Practiceawhiting@law.harvard.edu617-495-4622

Alex Whiting is a Professor of Practice at Harvard Law School and faculty co-director of the Criminal Justice Policy Program. He teaches, writes and consults on domestic and international criminal prosecution issues. From 2010 until 2013, he was in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague where he served first as the Investigations Coordinator, overseeing all of the investigations in the office, and then as Prosecutions Coordinator, overseeing all of the office’s ongoing prosecutions.

Before going to the ICC, Whiting taught for more than three years as an Assistant Clinical Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, again with a focus on prosecution subjects. From 2002-2007, he was a Trial Attorney and then a Senior Trial Attorney with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague. He was lead prosecution counsel in Prosecutor v. Fatmir Limaj, Isak Musliu, and Haradin Bala; Prosecutor v. Milan Martic; and Prosecutor v. Dragomir Miloševic. Before going to the ICTY, he was a U.S. federal prosecutor for ten years, first with the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights Division in Washington, D.C., and then with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Boston where he focused on organized crime and corruption cases.

Whiting attended Yale College and Yale Law School, and clerked for Judge Eugene H. Nickerson of the Eastern District of New York. His publications include Dynamic Investigative Practice at the International Criminal Court, 76 Law and Contemporary Problems 163 (2014), INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW: CASES AND COMMENTARY (2011), co-authored with Antonio Cassese and two other authors, and In International Criminal Prosecutions, Justice Delayed Can Be Justice Delivered, 50 Harv. Int’l L. J. 323 (2009).

Executive Director

Larry Schwartztol

Executive Directorlschwartztol@law.harvard.edu617-495-4169

Larry Schwartztol is the inaugural executive director of the Criminal Justice Policy Program. Larry joined CJPP after spending nearly eight years as an attorney with the national office of the ACLU. During that time, he engaged in litigation and other advocacy in support of the ACLU’s racial justice docket. His litigation included cases aimed at the “school-to-prison pipeline”– policies that inappropriately expose schoolchildren to the criminal justice system. He also played a lead role in shaping the economic justice dimension of the organization’s racial justice work. In addition, Larry litigated national security cases, including matters involving foreign intelligence surveillance, ideological exclusion of foreign scholars, and the government’s search authority at airports and the U.S. border.

Before his time at the ACLU, Larry was a Liman Fellow at the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law. He clerked for Judge Harry T. Edwards of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Larry graduated from Yale Law School and received his B.A. from the University of Chicago.


Kadeem Cooper

Legal Fellowkcooper@law.harvard.edu617-495-0550

Kadeem Cooper graduated from New York University School of Law in 2014, where he was a fellow in the Arthur Garfield Hays Civil Liberties Program.  Prior to joining the Criminal Justice Policy Program, he worked as a litigation associate at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP.  At Paul Weiss, Kadeem represented indigent defendants in a variety of criminal matters at both the trial and appellate level. During law school, he interned at Brooklyn Defender Services, the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, and the Criminal Law Reform Project of the American Civil Liberties Union.

Elana Fogel

Legal Fellowefogel@law.harvard.edu617-495-0498

Elana Fogel joins the Criminal Justice Policy Program following nearly three years as a Trial Attorney in the Public Defender Division of the Committee for Public Counsel Service’s Boston District Court Office. Elana received her J.D. from New York University School of Law, where she was awarded the Root-Tilden-Kern Lindemann Family Public Service Scholarship. While in law school, Elana completed the Criminal & Community Defense Clinic and competed as a member of the Black Allied Law Students Association Mock Trial Team. She has represented clients in the criminal, immigration, child welfare, and reentry contexts, through internships with the Neighborhood Defender Service of Harlem, the Bronx Defenders, and the Legal Aid Society. In addition, she worked as an advocate for nationwide criminal justice policy reform as an intern with the ACLU’s Initiative to End Mass Incarceration. Elana is a San Diego native and holds a Bachelor’s degree from NYU, where she was a member of the women’s basketball team.

Mitali Nagrecha

Director, National Criminal Justice Debt Initiativemnagrecha@law.harvard.edu617-496-3002

Mitali Nagrecha joins CJPP as an attorney with over seven years of experience working on criminal justice policy issues. For nearly as long, Mitali has had an interest in the issue of criminal justice debt and co-authored the Brennan Center’s 2010 report “Criminal Justice Debt: A Barrier to Reentry.”

Most recenty, in partnership with Center for Community Alternatives and Mary Katzenstein, Professor of American Studies at Cornell University, Mitali published “When All Else Fails, Fining the Family,” a paper that provides first person accounts of individuals with criminal justice debt. The paper concludes that these individuals are often making ends meet only through reliance on family and goes on to suggest policy solutions.

Mitali was Senior Director of Policy at The Fortune Society where she led the organization’s criminal justice policy efforts including state and local advocacy to increase use of alternatives to incarceration and sentencing reform; local, state and federal efforts to increase access to reentry housing; and legislative changes to child support laws.

Ms. Nagrecha joined the Fortune Society from the City of Newark Office of Reentry, where she served as the Senior Policy Director for Mayor Cory Booker. While in New Jersey, Ms. Nagrecha provided recommendations to the Office of the Governor as co-author of a report, “Prisoner Reentry Services in New Jersey: A Plan to Reduce Recidivism.” In between earning her B.A. at Cornell University and her J.D. cum laude from The University of Pennsylvania School of Law, Ms. Nagrecha served as a Fulbright Scholar in India.

Anna J. Weick

Program Assistantaweick@law.harvard.edu617-384-7715

Anna J. Weick joined the Criminal Justice Policy Program staff in August 2016. Previously, she worked for several years with the YWCA Cambridge, a women’s housing provider and racial and gender justice advocacy organization. She currently serves on the City of Cambridge GLBT Commission. Anna graduated cum laude from Wellesley College with a major in American Studies and completed an honors thesis focused on leveraging art with activism to further social justice causes.


Thomas Abt

Visiting Senior Fellowtabt@law.harvard.edu

As a former Assistant District Attorney, Thomas Abt is interested in the use of evidence-informed approaches to spur innovation and reform among prosecutors.

Abt began his legal career with the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office in 2000, where he handled hundreds of criminal cases, including murder, gang assault, armed robbery, grand larceny, and domestic violence matters. After, he worked as an associate at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP, where his areas of practice included criminal defense and internal investigations, as well as antitrust, securities, and civil rights litigation.

In 2009, Abt joined the U.S. Department of Justice, where he served as Chief of Staff to the Office of Justice Programs, working with the nation’s principal criminal justice grant-making, research, and statistics  agencies to integrate evidence, policy, and practice. He played a lead role in establishing the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention, a network of federal agencies and local communities working together to reduce youth and gang violence. He was also a founding member of the Neighborhood Revitalization Initiative, a place-based development effort recognized by the Harvard Kennedy School as one of the Top 25 Innovations in Government.

In 2013, Abt became the Deputy Secretary for Public Safety in New York State, where he oversaw all criminal justice and homeland security agencies, including the Divisions of Corrections and Community Supervision, Criminal Justice Services, Homeland Security and Emergency Services, as well as the State Police. During his tenure, Abt led the development of New York’s GIVE (Gun-Involved Violence Elimination) Initiative, which employs evidence-informed, data-driven approaches to reduce violence.

In addition to his work with the Criminal Justice Policy Program, Abt currently works as a Senior Research Fellow with the Center for International Development (CID) at the Harvard Kennedy School, where he leads CID’s Security and Development Seminar Series. In addition, he serves as a Senior Fellow with the Igarapé Institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and as an Advisory Board Member to the Police Executive Programme at the University of Cambridge, England.

Chiraag Bains

Visiting Senior Fellowcbains@law.harvard.edu

Chiraag Bains, a former federal prosecutor and senior official in the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division, is interested in criminal justice reform strategies that enhance public safety and build trust between communities and law enforcement.  In addition to his role as a Visiting Senior Fellow with the Criminal Justice Policy Program, he is a Leadership in Government Fellow at the Open Society Foundations.

From 2014 to 2017, Mr. Bains was Senior Counsel to the Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division.  There, he helped lead DOJ’s work on criminal justice reform, including with respect to policing, solitary confinement, court debt and bail reform, and the criminalization of homelessness.  Mr. Bains was also a member of the team that investigated the Ferguson Police Department for a pattern or practice of unconstitutional conduct and co-wrote the Ferguson Report.  In addition, he helped oversee the work of the Special Litigation, Housing & Civil Enforcement, Criminal, and Appellate Sections, and managed congressional oversight for the Division.

Previously, Mr. Bains was a federal prosecutor in the Division’s Criminal Section, where he prosecuted officer misconduct, hate crimes, and interference with access to reproductive health clinics.  He also served as a Special Assistant United States Attorney in the sex offense and domestic violence unit of the District of Columbia U.S. Attorney’s Office.

Mr. Bains clerked for Judge Karen Nelson Moore on the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals and Judge Nancy Gertner on the federal district court in Boston.  He received his J.D. from Harvard Law School, where he was an Articles Editor on the Harvard Law Review and a Paul & Daisy Soros Fellow; his M.Phil. in Criminology from the University of Cambridge on a Gates Scholarship; and his B.A. from Yale College, where he was a Truman Scholar.  He was also a Coro Fellow in Public Affairs in New York City.

Adam Foss

Visiting Senior Fellow

Adam J. Foss is a former Assistant District Attorney in the Juvenile Division of the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office (SCDAO) in Boston, MA, and a fierce advocate for criminal justice reform and the importance of the role of the prosecutor in ending mass incarceration. Mr. Foss believes that the profession of prosecution is ripe for reinvention requiring better incentives and more measurable metrics for success beyond, simply, “cases won.” Adam co-founded the Roxbury CHOICE program, an initiative that aims to turn probation from a punitive sentence into a beneficial relationship with the court, the probation department, and the District Attorney’s Office. He is also the founder of the SCDAO Reading Program, a project designed to bridge the achievement gap of area elementary school students. Adam spearheaded the development of a new diversion program for first-time juvenile offenders in the Suffolk County Juvenile Court, and he is designing training and curriculum for prosecutors to reframe their role in the criminal justice system. He is also developing plans for new software and data analysis to better inform prosecution offices of the individual and the best pathways toward justice and long-term safety.

In 2015, Mr. Foss received the Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly Excellence in the Law Up-and-Coming Lawyer Award and the National Law Journal Up-and-Coming Lawyer Award. In 2014, Governor Deval Patrick appointed Mr. Foss to his administration’s Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee. In 2013, the Massachusetts Bar Association recognized Mr. Foss with the Access to Justice Section Council Prosecutor of the Year Award. SCDAO selected Mr. Foss as the 2012 recipient of the Brian J. Honan Award recognizing excellence in the courtroom and a commitment to the communities he serves and he also received a commendation from the State House for those efforts. He is a proud mentor of students and a frequent guest speaker at the national non-profit Year Up.

Mr. Foss served as a panelist at the national MacArthur Foundation Models for Change Conference in Washington, DC speaking about juvenile justice reform. He has spoken at TED, Google Zeitgeist, Aspen Ideas Festival, Forbes 400, Gathering of the Leaders, Summit Series and The Atlantic’s Race and Justice Summit. In both his professional and personal capacities, Adam volunteers much of his time to the community he works in. As much time as he spends in the courtroom, he also spends visiting schools, community meetings and speaking engagements to hear what his community needs from their local law enforcement.

Photo Credit for Adam Foss: Sadie Barnette