The Baron and the Marquis, a book about the history and future of American criminal justice reform, traces the origins of a maxim developed by Montesquieu and publicized by Beccaria. That maxim: any punishment that goes beyond necessity is “tyrannical.”
The bail reform movement in the USA is in a state of flux, caught between discriminatory cash bail systems and the controversial risk assessment tools replacing it. Meanwhile European systems, which feature neither cash nor algorithms, are experimenting with other methods to reduce detention rates. This event brings together key criminal justice reformers from the USA and Europe to share strategies, challenges and successes in the movement for liberty pending trial.